Supply chain and Logistics
FREYR plans to source battery materials with the lowest possible carbon footprint and a socially responsible production. We believe that developing a ‘green’ value chain is closely tied to supply of materials sourced locally from the Nordic region, produced with renewable energy and with minimal transportation distances.
As an emerging customer of NMC materials, FREYR will seek to actively contribute to creating sustainable production materials for the lithium-ion battery industry by enabling development of production facilities for active materials in the Nordic countries based on renewable energy.
We are engaging with European suppliers to develop supply agreements for active materials. European materials in general, from Nordic sites specifically, are manufactured with lower CO₂ emissions than in other regions of the world.
Some materials will likely be sourced globally. FREYR will require that suppliers certify the materials are produced in a responsible manner outside conflict areas with due respect to international labour standards and the environment.
FREYR is developing a logistics model to optimize transportation of raw materials and finished products, to and from the facilities in Mo i Rana.
Mo i Rana has a large port, railroad connection, airport and is on the European highways E6 (Norway) and E12 (east to Sweden). These offer multiple avenues for import of materials and export of finished batteries.
From the ice-free port in Mo i Rana it takes just over two days effective sailing for a container to reach Rotterdam, Europe’s biggest port. We can also ship finished products to Europe by rail or truck within a similar timeframe. This is significantly shorter and more environmentally friendly compared to shipping from SE Asia to Western Europe or to US East Coast. FREYR’s closeness to European and US customers reduces transportation emissions per battery compared to transportation from Asia.
Our local logistics model includes potential use of electric forklifts and trucks at the production facilities to reduce emissions compared to using fossil fuel vehicles.